Thursday, April 5, 2012

Radio Veritas to start broadcasting at 576 AM frequency live on Easter Sunday


(SACNS Africa News)


Marc Aupiais  -  10:30  -  Public
Radio Veritas to start broadcasting at 576 AM frequency live on Easter Sunday
The radio had for years tried to get a frequency, and was only broadcasting over Satellite (Via Digital Satellite Television / DSTV audio 170 channel) and the Internet, it is Dominican and associated with the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference

Radio, veritas, which started broadcasting over the internet in September 2005, have been attempting since at least before then for a licence. With Digital standards hitting South Africa, the government has been allowing more and more specialist radio services to broadcast.

And so, to quote the excited Dominicans on Twitter: "@RadioVeritasSA: 3 DAYS till Easter Sunday launch on #576am. May your Easter Triduum be filled with every grace. #576amcountdown"

Affiliations

The Radio Veritas is connected with the Dominicans, Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference, plays programs by international Eternal Word Television Network, and news by Vatican Radio. They have a close relationship to pro-contraception, pro-condom, pro-legal-abortion, more often than not critical-of-the-Vatican: The Southern Cross, which they regularly advertise.

Controversies
Before noting how Veritas portrays themselves, there has been some controversy in Veritas.

They also sell a course on Jung and his view of spirituality, and have sometimes raised controversy over allegations involving doctrine. Their home site, includes a news feed to the pro-legal abortion Southern Cross, which Cardinal Napier calls "anti-magisterial", in one interview with our service. The Southern Cross also has among it's board members (on our last meeting with him), Fr Chris Townsend, the Communications Officer of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference. The Radio Veritas team also have played songs by the like of Madonna e.g. "4 seconds to save the world", and other controversial anti-Catholics, although it is unclear whether this was due to the language barrier.

An Important contribution
Veritas plays some beautiful classical music, and many very interesting and informative EWTN shows, as well as content from Vatican Radio. It also devotes time to the Catholic Saints, and the words of the Bishops Conference and the Pope. It is the only Catholic radio station in the region to get a broadcasting licence.



Radio Veritas Online Presence| 'Our Objective' by Radio Veritas staff accessed 05 April 2012

http://www.radioveritas.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=418&Itemid=111

"VISION

The vision of Radio Veritas is to be a self-supporting Catholic radio station that entertains, informs, educates and inspires its audience as a national satellite and terrestrial broadcaster.

OBJECTIVES

In support of our vision statement we have formulated the following objectives:

To be a recognized Catholic broadcaster serving the interests of its community;
To achieve and attain suitable licencing;
To the reach the SADEC area;
To attain appropriate funding and sponsorship and be financially sound;
To address social and Catholic issues;
To provide a “life guide” to its listeners;
To become international in reach and content;
To give hope and direction to its listeners;
To become easily accessible to its listeners;
To be grounded in the Catholic faith;
To broadcast in the local vernacular;
To utilize more than one medium to reach its audience;
To provide relevant content;
To broadcast professionally;
To deal with social issues of our time (eg HIV/AIDS and refugees);
To aspire to become thé African Catholic radio station, like EWTN;
To generate programmes that are used/re-used throughout the world;
To build and foster a proper Catholic broadcasting brand;
To become the default broadcast medium for the South African Catholic Church;To provide proper training for those that work within Radio Veritas."
Discuss on Google Plus

3 DAYS till Easter Sunday launch on #576am. May your Easter Triduum be filled with every grace. #576amcountdown

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Homosexuality and South African Law


(SACNS Africas News; The Witwatersrand Law Student)


Marc Aupiais  -  14:01  -  Public
Homosexuality and South African Law
My submittal to the Wits Student Law Journal, I doubt they'll publish a word of it! :


Notes the following statistics: opposition to homosexuality, homosexual: substance abuse, suicide statistics (accepting v non-accepting), HIV/AIDS Dementia statistics, gay teasing and suicide, child exposure to pornography, and effects. All in opposing a Constitional court minority argument, which was claiming that calling a straight man gay, with computer generated sex images, placed in a school and distributed to pupils, was as though not defamation, when it clearly is defamatory in the real world!




About the author of this paper
Marc Aupiais is a 3rd Year Wits 4 year LLB student. He is Roman Catholic, White, went to a private school, and is heterosexual.

Why the focus on the issues of HIV and Homosexuality?
I believe that often the way in which media, and even the state portrays these issues, negates the real realities on the ground, I enjoyed penning an argument, which I knew no one else writing to the Wits Law journal would.


Paper


The Le Roux and Others v Dey (CCT 45/10) [2011] ZACC 4 case was contentious even among the judges deciding it and between them and every lower court concerned. The court upheld the appeal as so far as costs were concerned, reducing the R 45 000 award of the Supreme Court of Appeal to R 25 000, with mind to the fact that Dr Dey must have gained some satisfaction from the criminal proceedings against Le Roux and the others, and the success of these. The Court also ordered a novel recourse, demanding the applicants give Dr Dey an apology as part of the order.

While the Minority of Yacoob J and Skeweyiya J challenged traditional understanding of delict, taking a very strict narrow view of iniuaria, and a wide view of the paramount rights of children, and the Cameron J judgement took an unusual view of the law of defamation, the Majority, as articulated by Brand AJ upheld the ordinary law of delict.

The awarding of Costs was agreed with by both the Cameron J (and Froneman J) judgement and by the Majority. The major difference from normal cases in this is the affirmation that only one of two actions based on iniuaria can succeed, that what is wrongful in defamation is also for the objective factor of injury to dignity wrong, and that an apology may be ordered by a court from those who infringe the contumelia of another.

It dealt with the law of delict, and that of insult in relation to offenses committed against figures of authority by children, with the novel position of a court enforced apology, the impact of criminal proceedings on delictual satisfaction, and with the question of whether or not portraying a man in a homosexual sex act was itself defamatory in the modern constitutional sense, with some even surprising resultant statements from certain judges.

The issue before the court also extended to judgement of the limits of satire before it is legally reprehensible, and computer generated images as they portray defamatory statements.

I agree with the finding of all the judges that the image was clearly and crudely manipulated, and thus could not possibly be confused with an actual photograph of the respondent and the principal. Yacoob J, however seems to suggest that this was enough to discount it, as children in his view ought to have a right to practice satire, even when it impacts terribly on the view of and self esteem of a member of the community.

It would be odd if he were to also suggest this if it were done to other children, but his argument based on assuming immaturity and further rights would shockingly suggest this as allowed if drawn to the logical conclusion, and also: given his emphasis on the punishment system at the school being enough, exclude the independence of the judiciary, where the only recourse would be a possibly biased school system as recourse.

Yacoob J correctly says that the message of the image ought be determined before it is declared defamatory, however his suggesting that the image may have been taken without the parties knowing, or that homosexuality is accepted in society, as it is constitutionally protected, ignores both the fact that it is a satire much as a cartoon is, and that the original gay bodybuilders are not involved in the trial. Such a manipulation ought to be considered as a cartoon is, on what message it portrays specifically about the respondent. This is a message of impropriety, open and lewd sexuality, and an aim to please an unknown viewer.

As Brand AJ rightly points out, these factors all rightly cause detriment to the image of the respondent. Also, as I will demonstrate below, the alternate claim of the respondent ought to have some acceptable basis in the law of delict in South Africa, given the real impact on the respondent’s life, and not constitutional court modelling.

I agree almost fully with the judgement of the majority, succinctly set out by Brand AJ, while also taking into account some of the good points of Cameron J, which however, I believe, misinterpret correct application of the facts.

Traditionally injury to dignity generally is used when an insult was private or not publically demeaning also, as Brand AJ points out, the issue of dignity is encompassed in the fuller delict of Defamation. Cameron J, as I will explain fully below, creates the contrary concept that an article widely circulated can be enforceable insult to dignity without being defamation.

Yacoob J’s judgement, however, is vaguely based on law, and almost solely based on a fresh and new interpretation of the Constitution, which I hope to show oversteps the mark of what the Constitutional rights to freedom of Expression, and the special protection it affords of the interests of Children, allows. To make this argument, he instead of using the Constitution, reads into it the International Convention on the rights of the Child, ignoring South African case law and precedent.

Yacoob J, claims that delict differs: when the person defamed or insulted is powerful, and the offender weak. However, this would have very adverse effects on society. If an authority figure has no recourse in the courts of law, they may seek other means, such as their very authority, which is more open to abuse than a judge’s discretion and would be less fair on the victim in the case of vindictive authority figures who cannot gain the satisfaction of justification in court, and may never cease to feel a need of vindication.

Certainly, this case would demonstrate, that nothing short of a court of law, will satisfy at times, and this is necessary, to insure that respect for law exists.

Furthermore, figures such as cabinet ministers, or our president would have no recourse to law, possibly pushing towards corruption and the opposite of reconciliation where delicts against the powerful occur.

This approach of Yacoob J further judges the victim, not the delict. Such a limiting approach of comparing victim to perpetrator of a delict, further judges on the basis of wealth, denying some justice based on their job options, and job choices. This reminds one of the criticisms of the law of rape, which more liberal individuals have, criticisms which would no doubt start to extend to delict. Like those who do not report rape for fear, such an approach of judging the victim, could cause individuals to fear approaching the court.

I by no means am suggesting rape laws be changed or unchanged, merely pointing out that Yacoob J, would be bringing further dilemmas into the law of delictual liability, which are not based on the fault of of perpetrator, but the deemed “worthiness” of the victim. Teachers ought not be discriminated against for pursuing a legal profession such as teaching.

Surely, a breakdown in judicial overview of the actions of people in schools, would have the opposite of the effect intended. The true effect would seemingly then emerge of teaching children to gradually enter further and further into the slippery slope of infringing others rights, allowing gangs and the school peer pressure so emphasized as pertinent in this case: to gain more power over individuals who may otherwise be restrained by law.

This could well then create habits among South Africans, as the lack of enforcement of speeding does, whereby when the children are finally accountable, the charge is far worse.

If an act is not actionable in Delict, how then could it be criminally actionable, given that the reason for excluding delictual wrongfulness is that these two judges choose to interpret the constitution in favour of the children merely for their age? Is age to be an excuse for every offense, and if so, are we then to judge more softly, when offenses increase, due to lack of enforcement, and thus punish the individuals more harshly when they finally turn their ill advised sense of humour against the weak, who likely could not afford court recourse.

Yacoob J, goes on with his exposition, claiming that if as it is legal in South Africa for men to engage in homosexual acts, and even photograph them, that portraying a man in these circumstances is not wrongful, despite multiple suicides in the media after men’s or others’ private moments were revealed to the public, and the high suicide rate, even where homosexuals feel society accepts them, as noted below. Also, Yacoob J, seems to ignore the fact, that children are being exposed to sexualized images, which emerged as pornography. Also, the work relationship between the men concerned, the alleged office impropriety, and the fact that most South Africans still consider homosexual acts[1], and public indecency (a crime) to be immoral, are ignored.

He further, in agreement with other judges claims that where there are two meanings of an article, one defamatory, the other innocent, where either are as likely, or the innocent holds greater weight, that the action for defamation cannot succeed. He further judges the article based on the source of the offence and not the article itself, claiming that it was a schoolboy prank and therefore not serious or to be taken seriously. As not wrongful in his view, Yacoob J dismisses the defamation claim. He is here, clearly ignoring the real damage to a man’s reputation by any allegation whatever the source of office impropriety, and the clear allegation of hypocrisy, the school teacher’s seeming real concern.

The proper reason a schoolboy prank may not be actionable, ought to be because it is not serious, not simply because those pulling a very serious delict off are schoolboys. Yacoob J also ignores the very serious implication that it was not only Dr Dey who was exposed to the infringement of his rights, but that children of all ages saw what was an undoubtedly sexual and pornographic image in an environment their parents had hoped would be free from accidental exposure to such images. No harmless schoolboy prank has permanent impact of children’s development. There are psychological studies showing the detriment of exposure to pornographic or sexual images on children[2].

He further misinterprets the idea of the reasonable plaintiff in determining whether injury to personality occurred. He looks not at whether the reasonable person would be insulted, but instead uses the reasonable expert test applied to defendants not plaintiffs, and asks whether it is reasonable for a Deputy Principal to take a matter to court, instead of the correct question as to whether a reasonable person would be insulted by the creation of pornographic satire based on their person. He essentially judges the plaintiff, as though there were a duty to act in a certain way to qualify for rights enshrined in the constitution, as though they were conditional on Dr Dey being a certain type of Deputy Principal.

Skeweyiya J, who along with Yacoob J dismissed the claim and upheld the appeal in entirety, further emphasized the rights of children. Both seem of the view that holding children accountable in delict for defamation or injury to dignity would be absurd. Brand AJ in the majority however, correctly realises that when dealing with damage to property or to the body, children when they have capacity, are called to account, and that this form of delict in no different.

In Britain where children have the rightsYacoob J desires, youth violence is a major problem[3]. In one case, a teacher responded by assaulting students with a dumbbell[4], and was found innocent of attempted murder and attempting wilful grievous bodily harm against the student. It is unlikely he would have taken the law into his own hands, or in the view of British jurisprudence, acted without will, if he had considered himself to have a civil remedy, from a court entirely independent from his place of work, and a job he needs for his salary.

Both the Yacoob J and Cameron J findings focus much energy on discounting the alternate claim by the plaintiff that the image portrays him as homosexual. Given this claim was only in the alternate, Brand AJ affords it little time, seemingly realising that the respondent would have been just as insulted if portrayed thus with a female member of staff.

Further, the average South African man would still find it insulting and defamatory for his sexuality to be called into question, given its role in procuring a future partner. Both homosexuals and heterosexuals would be insulted, and added onto this is the implication that the individual attacked is a liar. Both of these statements tacitly there, would be obvious to the average South African.

Also, given that proportionally massive 19% [5]of men who have sex with men in America, have HIV/AIDS according to the CDC, and 44%[6] don’t know of their status, such health issues, and stigma affect a person’s career options de facto, this will likely affect employability.

Even insinuation in any matter such as office impropriety, whatever the source, also has a deep impact in the reality of the labour market, and society in general. If 78%[7] of South Africans, as noted by the HSRC in 2004 , believe homosexual acts always immoral, even a homosexual being labelled as homosexual will have an impact on how he is viewed by society.

An American study looking into 34 countries found that +-24% of homosexuals in hostile environments experienced suicidal thoughts, while slightly less +- 20% of homosexuals had been suicidal in homosexual accepting nations and environments[8] than those where crimes, and bullying, and notably teasing, were performed against such individuals, or where they otherwise felt not accepted[9].

15% to 30% of patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, according to Lancet, develop AIDS Dementia, severely affecting mental abilities[10]. The state may forbid discrimination; this does not mean that the average South African won’t think such a statement as dealt with in the case, to be defamatory.

Name calling of children as “gay”, also seems a common form of bullying in schools, with the word “gay” having come to be slang for pathetic and synonymous with “retarded” amongst some youth, and directly contributing it would seem, to suicide rates[11].

The alternate claim itself, rejected by all the judgements, in fact should have succeeded. The use of homosexuality by the applicants was to belittle the teacher, through also mocking homosexual behaviour, and adding to existing societal views[12].

It would be actionable if someone’s HIV positive status were revealed, even though the diseased are protected by the Constitution, as with defaming by lying on disease status, given the real negative impact on a person’s life, and the medical and psychological factors society is aware of. I say this especially to combat the views of Yacoob J who confuses law with the morals and values of society and negates, in his view, their perceptions of matters (as noted above).

Cameron J claims that the image would not defame Dr Dey as it would be seen rightly as a school boy prank. The problem with his finding on the reasonable person seeing it as defamatory or not lies in the fact that even the most reasonable South African man or woman, would remember the image when seeing Dr Dey, and associate him with promiscuous, open sexuality, and also with other stigmas[13] attached to homosexuals.

Furthermore, if themselves not affected would openly acknowledge that in their view the respondent had been defamed. In fact, given that the image aims at mocking Dr Dey, though through lewd portrayal of homosexuality, ought it not be seen more seriously as though hate speech against a protected group, after all it could not mock Dr Dey without mocking said group firstly.

This is hardly then a harmless schoolboy prank; this is defamation, and hate speech to add to it, given the mockery of a protected group. Also, given that teasing and the like, is directly related to homosexual suicide rates, would it not be better not to focus on making their seeming differences in behaviour public. Would the image, if it was of Jewish community leader, or a Catholic priest or the boy’s dominie be acceptable?

Cameron J says that while not defamed, as no one in his view would logically believe the very graphic and publicised image had any basis, despite its very allegation being of hypocrisy, he believes the respondent’s dignity was still somehow infringed.

Brand AJ questions such, how can material that in no way reduces the view of a man in the eyes of the reasonable observer, be reasonably taken offense of by the man?

Despite declaring that the reasonable observer would in no way see Dr Dey’s image tarnished, Cameron J claims a reasonable man would consider himself reduced. Brand AJ more in line with precedent, declares such: a complete contradiction in terms.

The reasonable person can’t say a person’s image is both reduced and not reduced at all. However, where the facts involved were known only by the offender and the offended, Cameron J’s position would have merit.

The majority judgement solidified the existing law of delict, and furthermore the new remedy of an apology was introduced. Unfortunately, as demonstrated above, none of the judgements took into account the possible aspect of the case, and all seemed to accept it as not wrongful for the applicants to mock a man through associating him with a constitutionally protected minority in a derogatory manner.

In South Africa, because homosexual civil union are legal, it is thought that our laws are liberal, and fair to this specific minority group, however, statistics show that homosexual unions, internationally, are much shorter[14] (except in one European nation), than their heterosexual counterparts, and have a fidelity rate of about 5% in marriage like unions[15]. In the American statistics I accessed, it was in fact found that very few homosexuals even actually enter civil unions[16].

Perhaps, if more efforts were made towards combating media perceptions, instantly associating homosexuality with promiscuity, and encouraging homosexuals to “come out”, and to enter sexual relationships, or oppose their religious views, and less efforts were made at combating any concept which notes the real predicament of this minority, and less resources were devoted to the polarization of society which focussing on introducing marriage like structures to homosexuals, and of naming opponents of these homophobic, as with any who object to being called what they are not, such as Dr Dey, then more could be done to address the real health and psychological needs of this population group.

Statistic show[17], that while information promoting condom use[18], often has the opposite effect, abstinence education really works, and can prevent risky sexual behaviour[19].

There are only massive HIV infection rates, in societies where polygamy[20] is acceptable among heterosexuals[21], such as in sub-Saharan Africa, and among homosexual population groups.



[1] HSRC (HSRC Review Volume 2 No 03 September 2004) accessed from http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Document-39.phtml accessed on 14th August 2011
[2] Review Article Health Effects of Media on Children and Adolescents by
Victor C. Strasburger, MDa, Amy B. Jordan, PhDb, Ed Donnerstein, PhDc Published online March 1, 2010; PEDIATRICS Vol. 125 No. 4 April 1, 2010; pp. 756 -767; (doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-2563)http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/125/4/756.full

Article: Unwanted and Wanted Exposure to Online Pornography in a National Sample of Youth Internet Users by Janis Wolak, JD, Kimberly Mitchell, PhD, David Finkelhor, PhD; - Author Affiliations : Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire; PEDIATRICS Vol. 119 No. 2 February 1, 2007; pp. 247 -257; (doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-1891)http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/119/2/247.abstract?related-urls=yes&legid=pediatrics;119/2/247 the article further notes: 'More research concerning the potential impact of Internet pornography on youth is warranted, given the high rate of exposure, the fact that much exposure is unwanted, and the fact that youth with certain vulnerabilities, such as depression, interpersonal victimization, and delinquent tendencies, have more exposure'
[3] World Health Organization: ‘Violent Britain – People, Prevention and Public Health’http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/media/news/21_03_2005/en/
[4] Telegraph UK 'Teacher who attacked pupil with dumbbell cleared of attempted murder' 'A teacher who attacked a pupil with a dumbbell has been cleared of attempted murder and causing grevious bodily harm with intent.' by Telegraph staff 29 April 2010http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/7652985/Teacher-who-attacked-pupil-with-dumbbell-cleared-of-attempted-murder.html
[5] Center for Disease Control HIV among Gay, Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) accessed fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/msm/index.htm accessed on 14th August 2011
[6] Ibid.
[7] HSRC accessed from http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Document-39.phtmlaccessed on 14th August 2011
[8] 20.37 in affirming environments 25.47% in environments which were negative towards the group, the gap is similar to the ordinary suicide rate in heterosexuals: of about 4% incidence. see note 9 on the homosexual statistics, and the heterosexual rate quoted
[9] Hatzenbuehler M L The Social Environment and Suicide Attempts in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth Pediatrics 2011 that is Hatzenbuehler M L The Social Environment and Suicide Attempts in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth accessed fromhttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/04/18/peds.2010-3020.abstractaccessed on 14th August 2011
[10] The Lancet, Volume 349, Issue 9053, Pages 692 - 695, 8 March 1997 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(96)10178-1 online:http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(96)10178-1/abstract 'Unique monocyte subset in patients with AIDS dementia' by Dr Lynn Pulliam PhD a b , Ron Gascon BS a c, Marcia Stubblebine MS a, Dawn McGuire MD d e, Michael S McGrath MD a c
New England Medical Journal 'REVIEW ARTICLE Dementia Associated with the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome' by Stuart A. Lipton, M.D., Ph.D., and Howard E. Gendelman, M.D: N Engl J Med 1995; 332:934-940 April 6, 1995http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199504063321407 also affirms the condition.
[11] “Another survey of more than 7,000 seventh- and eighth-grade students from a large Midwestern county examined the effects of school climate and homophobic bullying on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth and found that
· LGBQ youth were more likely than heterosexual youth to report high levels of bullying and substance use;
· Students who were questioning their sexual orientation reported more bullying, homophobic victimization, unexcused absences from school, drug use, feelings of depression, and suicidal behaviors than either heterosexual or LGB students;
· LGB students who did not experience homophobic teasing reported the lowest levels of depression and suicidal feelings of all student groups (heterosexual, LGB, and questioning students); and
· All students, regardless of sexual orientation, reported the lowest levels of depression, suicidal feelings, alcohol and marijuana use, and unexcused absences from school when they were
o In a positive school climate and
o Not experiencing homophobic teasing [4].”
'Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health - Youth' by Center for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm
[12] Center for Disease Control Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health accessed from http://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm on 14th August 2011
[13] The Lancet, Volume 374, Issue 9687, Pages 416 - 422, 1 August 2009 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61118-1 'Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa' by Dr Adrian D Smith MSc a , Placide Tapsoba MD b, Norbert Peshu MPH c, Eduard J Sanders PhD c d, Prof Harold W Jaffe MD ahttp://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)61118-1/abstract

Catholic News Agency 'Children with same-sex parents prone to suicide, study reveals' 19th February 2010http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/children_with_same-sex_parents_prone_to_suicide_study_reveals/ : noting 'Research conducted by George A. Rekers, Professor of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science at the University of South Carolina, the presenters noted that “boys and girls adopted by lesbian and homosexual couples show a greater level of stress than that which is already generated by their status as orphans or children abandoned by their biological parents.” They added that this situation “produces diverse trauma and behavioraldisorders that can even lead to suicidal tendencies or attempts.”'
[14] ‘2003-2004 Gay/Lesbian Consumer Online Census’ - Family Research Council ‘Comparing the Lifestyles of Homosexual Couples to Married Couples’ http://www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=IS04C02
[15] ‘Laumann, The Social Organization of Sexuality, 216; McWhirter and Mattison, The Male Couple: How Relationships Develop (1984): 252-253; Wiederman, "Extramarital Sex," 170.’ - Family Research Council ‘Comparing the Lifestyles of Homosexual Couples to Married Couples’http://www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=IS04C02
[16] “U.S. Census Bureau, Married-Couple and Unmarried-Partner Households: 2000, 2; Black, "Demographics," 141; U.S. Census Bureau Census 2000 Summary File 1; Bayles, "Vermont's Gay Civil Unions," 1; Census 2000 Special Reports, 4; Shane, "Many Swedes Say 'I Don't,'" 1; "ORL Backgrounder," 1.”- Family Research Council ‘Comparing the Lifestyles of Homosexual Couples to Married Couples’http://www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=IS04C02
[17] Vol. 164 No. 2, February 2010 'Efficacy of a Theory-Based Abstinence-Only Intervention Over 24 Months' 'A Randomized Controlled Trial With Young Adolescents' by John B. Jemmott III, PhD; Loretta S. Jemmott, PhD, RN; Geoffrey T. Fong, PhD Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;164(2):152-159. http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/164/2/152?home
[18] Washington Post ‘Condoms, HIV-AIDS and Africa - The Pope Was Right’ by Edward C. Green 29 March 2009http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/27/AR2009032702825.html
[19] 'Impact of the Choosing the Best Program in Communities Committed to Abstinence Education' by Lisa Lieberman, Haiyan Su, Published March 22, 2012, doi: 10.1177/2158244012442938 SAGE Open March 22, 2012 2158244012442938http://sgo.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/03/21/2158244012442938.full
[20] "... prevalence of polygamy and low perceptions of risk among vulnerable groups have contributed to the rapid spread of the epidemic"- World Health Organization 'NIGERIA Estimated number of people needing antiretroviral therapy (0-49 years), 2005:' December 2005http://www.who.int/hiv/HIVCP_NGA.pdf
[21] The Lancet, Volume 374, Issue 9687, Pages 416 - 422, 1 August 2009 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61118-1 'Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa' by Dr Adrian D Smith MSc a , Placide Tapsoba MD b, Norbert Peshu MPH c, Eduard J Sanders PhD c d, Prof Harold W Jaffe MD ahttp://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)61118-1/abstract

Monday, April 2, 2012

Blogger now blocked by the South Africa's National firewall

(SACNS Africa; Social Justice South Africa)
Marc Aupiais  -  10:46  -  Public
Blogger now blocked by the firewall This would seem to be an accident, given the firewall is officially only meant to block malicious or the like sites, and blogger is not so http://Blogger.com / http://draft.blogger.com is either down, or has been blocked by the RSA South African firewall! Please unblock it if 2nd! Update: it has certainly been blocked by the state firewall, as other draft.blogger.com addresses do in fact work. This would seem to be an illicit blocking. Update II:  blogger.com, has tested as working now. draft.blogger.com is still registering as blocked. Update III: draft.blogger.com also seems blocked internationally, it is possible, that the blocking registered would be licit.
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Thursday, March 29, 2012

Catholic Bishops' Representative in anti-Christian Tirade


(SACNS Africa NewsCatholic Watchdog SA)


Marc Aupiais  -  12:30  -  Public
Catholic Bishops' Representative's anti-Christian, anti-religion freedom Tirade | South Africa
Chris Townsend of the SACBC: Belittles Christians upset with Woolworths, as "Hot Cross Christians" among other hateful mocking phrases; and then assumes to tell non-Catholics what is or is not an important part of their faith.; Some Christians feel 1 Corinthians 8:4 forbids the eating of meat ritually slaughtered as part of Islam

Given that Hot Cross Buns, are a symbol of the Christian faith, some ordinary South African citizens, raised concern over the fact Woolworths went out of their way to have the buns certified and packaged as Halaal. They believed that selling Halaal Hot Cross Buns, over Easter, was insensitive to their beliefs. 1 Corinthians 8:4 in the bible, does appear to forbid Christians eating foods dedicated to a non-Christian God. Halaal does certify that food is acceptable for Muslim consumption, often involving ritual rites by a Muslim religious, and ensuring certain foods are excluded, and food is dealt with in a certain way. In France, Canada, and many other countries, Animal Rights have been debated in relation to Halaal, as some think the ritual killing of animals in the manner specified by Halaal authorities to be cruel.

In some countries, food slaughtered in a halaal manner, is seen as cruel to animals, or possibly cruel, and campaigning has been made in the opposite direction: to label all Halaal foods, to prevent animal rights campaigners from eating them.

When a group of Christians, objected to Woolworths advertising their Easter Hot Cross Buns, as Halaal, some Christians, took to Twitter to air confusion, and a bit of disappointment, in the chain. This, given the deep spiritual meaning of the buns, in the perception of many Christians. Hot Cross Buns, do form a part of Easter celebrations, and they were saddened as they thought that their religious beliefs were being undermined. Rituals performed on food, dedicating them to Gods other than the Christian one, also are felt to be against the bible by some Christians.

This sort of debate, is to be expected in a multicultural society. The fact that Woolworths went out of their way to make the particular buns Halaal, while other foods sold at Woolworths are not, is certainly a move to be debated. Also, whether or not Woolworths also looked into making the buns acceptible to Jewish customers, or just Muslims. It doesn't matter what side of the debate you are on, this is a debate befitting a democracy, and those debating this issue, should not be belittled and called hate names, by a man who is supposed to represent the Catholic Church to media in South Africa.

I will quote a bit of the situation, including the very insensitive remarks by Chris Townsend, and the more sensitive response by Woolworths, the company noted, in the contrast.

To give the very belittling comments, about non-Catholics' religions, by the clearly bigoted Chris Townsend:

The Mercury (part of Independent Newspapers/IOL) 'Hot cross Christians irate over buns' by Suren Naidoo March 29 2012 at 10:15am

http://www.iol.co.za/mercury/hot-cross-christians-irate-over-buns-1.1266285

"While Woolworths has come under fire from some Christians for putting the halaal certification mark on hot-cross bun packaging, Father Chris Townsend of the Southern African Catholic Bishops’ Conference has labelled the issue “a storm in a baking pan”.

...


In the messages some members of the Christian community complained that hot-cross buns had special significance to Christians, and thus the halaal symbol – signifying foods Muslims may eat – should not be used.

“It’s not about the ingredients – it’s the act of taking something tied to my beliefs and stamping it with a halaal symbol,” another read.

But Townsend said it was “over-reaction by some members of the Christian community” and people should be more understanding.

“We live in a multicultural society and need more understanding and religious tolerance… Hot-cross buns are only a symbol and not a central tenet of Christianity. There are a lot more weighty issues to deal with in SA than a few ‘hot cross Christians’,” he said.
“Woolworths is not being insensitive to Christians. In fact, they are being sensitive to the food certification requirement to accommodate all communities by including the halaal and kosher marks. Christians don’t have the same food-marking requirements, so I don’t have a problem with the issue. The halaal stamp does not mean the food was prayed for by Muslims, but that it is okay for Muslims to eat,” said Townsend.

...


“They were unhappy about us selling hot-cross buns with a halaal certification over the Easter period. We apologise and assure our customers that no offence was intended… our next Easter offer will have both non-halaal certified hot-cross buns and halaal certified spiced buns,” it said.
“Woolworths sells hot-cross buns throughout the year. They are produced in a facility that is halaal-certified. Our desire was to offer this well-loved product on an all-inclusive basis that would not exclude any of our customers from enjoying them… All our customers are very important to us and we take all their feedback seriously,” added the company."


Father Chris, then takes it upon himself, to decide what is or is not important to Christians of other belief systems:

SAPA | 'Woolies facing wrath over hot cross buns' by SAPA staff at 2012-03-29 09:26

http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/Woolies-facing-wrath-over-hot-cross-buns-20120329

""Hot cross buns are only a symbol, and not a central tenet of Christianity. There are a lot more weighty issues to deal with in SA than a few 'hot cross Christians'," he was quoted as saying."


also note the summary in The Star:

The Star (Independent Newspapers/IOL) | 'Halaal hot cross buns spice up an Easter tweet' by Suren Naidoo March 29 2012 at 11:16am

http://www.iol.co.za/the-star/halaal-hot-cross-buns-spice-up-an-easter-tweet-1.1266407
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While Woolworths has come under fire from some Christians for putting the halaal certification mark on hot-cross bun packaging, Father Chris Townsend of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conf...

Saturday, March 24, 2012

Kony 2012: "Invisible Children" campaign, a Blatant deception, and hurting Uganda



(SACNS Africa NewsSocial Justice South Africa)


Marc Aupiais  -  19:26  -  Public
Kony 2012: "Invisible Children" campaign, a Blatant deception, and hurting Uganda
Portrays a situation from almost a decade ago, no longer in existence, to raise money

The explicit, publicly disturbing, next to naked parading of himself, by the organizer of the Kony 2012 campaign (now in hospital for psychological breakdown), may be getting many stories. The fact, that his Kony 2012 campaign to raise money for his Invisible Children Non-Governmental Organization/Charity : used blatant deception, is less well known.



"Kony's Lord's Resistance Army is a shadow of its former self, numbering about 250 members, according to a December 2011 report published by the Social Science Research Council.

Some 200 of them are with Kony in the Central African Republic, and 50 others are in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the report said.

The video Russell directed, interspersing shots of his own young son with those of suffering Ugandan children, depicts children walking into the city centre of the Uganda city of Gulu at night to avoid capture.

But active violence like that has not been seen in northern Uganda in seven or eight years, according to Laura Seay, a professor at Morehouse College, who studies conflict and community in central Africa."


Reuters | 'Anti-Kony campaign in turmoil as AU sends troops' by Reuters Staff 2012-03-24 14:05

http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Anti-Kony-campaign-in-turmoil-as-AU-sends-troops-20120324



 Kony, and his LRA are shadows of what they once were, and deep in hiding, not in Uganda. This is a fact to remember, with only 50 troops of the "Lord's Resistance Army" in DR Congo, and 200 with Kony, having fled into the depths of the Central African Republic.



""LRA victims are depicted as absolutely helpless," Seay said, characterising the portrayal as neo-colonial and saying the film may have mischaracterised the nature of Gulu, where the number of children taking nightly refuge dwindled after a truce between government forces and the LRA in 2006.

"You have coffee shops and pizza places in Gulu. It's absolutely peaceful," she said.

Seay suggested that those whose interest in the region were piqued by the Invisible Children campaign turn their attention next to more active warlords in the region such as Bosco Ntaganda, nicknamed "The Terminator," and also wanted by the ICC for war crimes.

Ntaganda, a Rwandan operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is accused of conscripting child soldiers under age 15 to carry arms and fight in open conflict.
"He walks freely," Seay said. "I know where he eats dinner every night.""

Reuters | 'Anti-Kony campaign in turmoil as AU sends troops' by Reuters Staff 2012-03-24 14:05

http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Anti-Kony-campaign-in-turmoil-as-AU-sends-troops-20120324

Discuss on Google +

The anti-Kony campaign has been thrown into turmoil even as the film succeeded in turning the world's attention to capturing an elusive and brutal Ugandan warlord.


Malema: repeats demands that Government take away White land WITHOUT compensation



(SACNS Africa NewsSocial Justice South Africa)


Marc Aupiais  -  18:45  -  Public
Malema: repeats demands that Government take away White land WITHOUT compensation
Demands expropriation without compensation, while claiming he "doesn't want to drive whites into the sea"; receives Newsmaker of the Year Award, at the Press Club, in Pretoria ceremony

'"You must never buy the story that we are anti-white and we want whites to be driven into the sea. This is your home, your country and it belongs to all of us," he declared.


"I would die in defence of the white minority - they must enjoy the same rights as Africans. But when we say we must share, it doesn't mean we are fighting - we are actually protecting you," he said.

He insisted that he would never change his mind over the "expropriation of land without compensation", saying the African National Congress should adopt the principle.

"This land was robbed, stolen. A black genocide was committed against those who owned the land ... I will never agree with the rewarding of those who stole our land,"'

http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gTKISqPmUXTiyCKTuwn6E75gIAJw?docId=CNG.0008368da129efbedb740d4b4c908745.5f1
Discuss on Google +

(AFP) – 6 hours ago. PRETORIA — Julius Malema, the radical youth leader whom South Africa's ruling ANC is trying to rid itself of, has repeated a call for the expropriation of white-owned farms. T...

Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Entertainment Wise Blocked in Republic of South Africa



(SACNS Africa NewsMedia NotesMedia Study South Africa)


  -  17:20   -  Public
Entertainment Wise Blocked in Republic of South Africa


British website Entertainment Wise has been blocked by the South African firewall! If in South Africa you won't access http://www.entertainmentwise.com/

If you are able to access it at a future point, inform the SACNS, as the national firewall is currently blocking it. (The firewall usually excludes Blackberry Internet, Kindle, Foreign Proxies: however we can confirm that it does not appear on our Blackberries either and has not for the last about 8 hours!)

It is not often noted in South Africa, but from time to time the National Firewall does block websites, as our service was informed by an Internet Service Provider, the last time we inquired over such a matter.